Kamis, 11 April 2013

MICROSOFT ACCES



Microsoft Access
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Microsoft Access

Microsoft Office Access 2013 running on 
Windows 8
Microsoft Corporation
Initial release
November 1992; 20 years ago
2013 (15.0.4420.1017) / October 2, 2013; 5 months' time
Development status
Active
Website
Microsoft Access, also known as Microsoft Office Access, is a database management system from Microsoft that combines the relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface and software-development tools. It is a member of the Microsoft Office suite of applications, included in the Professional and higher editions or sold separately.
Microsoft Access stores data in its own format based on the Access Jet Database Engine. It can also import or link directly to data stored in other applications and databases.[1]
Software developers and data architects can use Microsoft Access to developapplication software, and "power users" can use it to build software applications. Like other Office applications, Access is supported by Visual Basic for Applications, an object-oriented programming language that can reference a variety of objects including DAO (Data Access Objects), ActiveXData Objects, and many other ActiveX components. Visual objects used in forms and reports expose their methods and properties in the VBA programming environment, and VBA code modules may declare and call Windows operating-system functions.
Contents
  [hide
·         1 History
o    1.3 Timeline
·         2 Uses
·         3 Features
·         4 Development
·         5 Protection
·         6 File extensions
·         7 Versions
·         8 See also
·         9 References
·         10 External links


Project Omega
Microsoft's first attempt to sell a relational database product was during the mid 1980s, when Microsoft obtained license to sell R:Base. In the late 1980s Microsoft developed its own solution codenamed Omega. It was confirmed in 1988 that a database product for Windows and OS/2 was in development. It was going to include "EB" Embedded Basic language, which was going to be the language for writing macros in all Microsoft applications, but the unification of macro languages did not happen until the introduction of VBA. Omega was also expected to provide a front end to the Microsoft SQL Server. The application was very resource-hungry, and there were reports that it was working slowly on the 386 processors that were available at the time. It was scheduled to be released in the 1st quarter of 1990, but in 1989 the development of the product was reset and it was rescheduled to be delivered no sooner than in January 1991. Parts of the project were later used for other Microsoft projects: Cirrus (codename for Access) and Thunder (codename for Visual Basic, where the Embedded Basic engine was used). After Access's premiere, the Omega project was demonstrated in 1992 to several journalists and included features that were not available in Access.
editProject Cirrus
After the Omega project was scrapped, some of its developers were assigned to the Cirrus project (most were assigned to the team which created Visual Basic).[2] Its goal was to create a competitor for applications like Paradox or dBase that would work on Windows.[3] After Microsoft acquired FoxPro, there were rumors that the Microsoft project might get replaced with it,[4] but the company decided to develop them in parallel. It was assumed that the project would make use of Extensible Storage Engine (Jet Blue)[5] but, in the end, only support for Microsoft Jet Database Engine (Jet Red) was provided. The project used some of the code from both the Omega project and a pre-release version of Visual Basic.[6] In July 1992, betas of Cirrus shipped to developers[7] and the name Access became the official name of the product.[8]
[edit]Timeline
1992: Microsoft released Access version 1.0 on 13 November 1992, and an Access 1.1 release in May 1993 to improve compatibility with other Microsoft products and to include the Access Basic programming language.
1993: Microsoft specified the minimum hardware requirements for Access v2.0 as: Microsoft Windows v3.1 with 4 MB of RAM required, 6 MB RAM recommended; 8 MB of available hard disk space required, 14 MB hard disk space recommended. The product shipped on seven 1.44 MB diskettes. The manual shows a 1993 copyright date.
Originally, the software worked well with relatively small databases but testing showed that some circumstances caused data corruption. For example, file sizes over 10 MB proved problematic (note that most hard disks held less than 500 MB at the time this was in wide use), and the Getting Started manual warns about a number of circumstances where obsolete device drivers or incorrect configurations can cause data loss. With the phasing out of Windows 95, 98 and ME, improved network reliability, and Microsoft having released 8 service packs for the Jet Database Engine, the reliability of Access databases has improved[when?] and it supports both more data and a larger number of users.
With Office 95, Microsoft Access 7.0 (a.k.a. "Access 95") became part of the Microsoft Office Professional Suite, joining Microsoft Excel, Word, and PowerPoint and transitioning from Access Basic to Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). Since then, Microsoft has released new versions of Microsoft Access with each release of Microsoft Office. This includes Access 97 (version 8.0), Access 2000 (version 9.0), Access 2002 (version 10.0), Access 2003 (version 11.5), Access 2007 (version 12.0), and Access 2010 (version 14.0).
Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of Microsoft Jet database engine (used by Access 7.0 and the later-released Access 97 respectively) had a critical issue which made these versions of Access unusable on a computer with more than 1 GB of memory.[9] While Microsoft fixed this problem for Jet 3.5/Access 97 post-release, it never fixed the issue with Jet 3.0/Access 95.
The native Access database format (the Jet MDB Database) has also evolved over the years. Formats include Access 1.0, 1.1, 2.0, 7.0, 97, 2000, 2002, 2007, and 2010. The most significant transition was from the Access 97 to the Access 2000 format; which is notbackward compatible with earlier versions of Access. As of 2011 all newer versions of Access support the Access 2000 format. New features were added to the Access 2002 format which can be used by Access 2002, 2003, 2007, and 2010.
MS Access 2007 introduced a new database format: ACCDB. ACCDB supports complex data types such as multivalue and attachment fields. These new field types are essentially recordsets in fields and allow the storage of multiple values in one field. With Access 2010, a new version of the ACCDB format supports hosting on a SharePoint 2010 server for exposure to the web.
Prior to the introduction of Access, Borland (with Paradox and dBase) and Fox (with FoxPro) dominated the desktop database market. Microsoft Access was the first mass-market database program for Windows. With Microsoft's purchase of FoxPro in 1992 and the incorporation of Fox's Rushmore query optimization routines into Access, Microsoft Access quickly became the dominant database for Windows - effectively eliminating the competition which failed to transition from the MS-DOS world.[10]
Access's initial codename was Cirrus; the forms engine was called Ruby. This was before Visual Basic - Bill Gates saw the prototypes and decided that the BASIC language component should be co-developed as a separate expandable application, a project called Thunder. The two projects were developed separately.
Access was also the name of a communications program from Microsoft, meant to compete with ProComm and other programs. This proved a failure and was dropped.[11] Years later, Microsoft reused the name for its database software.
[edit]Uses
In addition to using its own database storage file, Microsoft Access also may be used as the 'front-end' with other products as the 'back-end' tables, such as Microsoft SQL Server and non-Microsoft products such as Oracle and Sybase. Multiple backend sources can be used by a Microsoft Access Jet Database (accdb and mdb formats). Similarly, some applications will only use the Microsoft Access tables and use another product as a front-end, such as Visual Basic or ASP.NET. Microsoft Access may be only part of the solution in more complex applications, where it may be integrated with other technologies such as Microsoft ExcelMicrosoft Outlookor ActiveX Data Objects.
Access tables support a variety of standard field typesindices, and referential integrity. Access also includes a query interface, forms to display and enter data, and reports for printing. The underlying Jet database, which contains these objects, is multiuser-aware and handles record-locking and referential integrity including cascading updates and deletes.
Repetitive tasks can be automated through macros with point-and-click options. It is also easy to place a database on a network and have multiple users share and update data without overwriting each other's work. Data is locked at the record level which is significantly different from Excel which locks the entire spreadsheet.
There are template databases within the program and for download from their website. These options are available upon starting Access and allow users to enhance a database with predefined tables, queries, forms, reports, and macros. Templates do not includeVBA code.
Programmers can create solutions using the programming language Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), which is similar to Visual Basic 6.0 (VB6) and used throughout the Microsoft Office programs such as ExcelWordOutlook and PowerPoint. Most VB6 code, including the use of Windows API calls, can be used in VBA. Power users and developers can extend basic end-user solutions to a professional solution with advanced automation, data validationerror trapping, and multi-user support.
The number of simultaneous users that can be supported depends on the amount of data, the tasks being performed, level of use, andapplication design. Generally accepted limits are solutions with 1 GB or less of data (Access supports up to 2 GB) and performs quite well with 100 or fewer simultaneous connections (255 concurrent users are supported). This capability is often a good fit for department solutions. If using an Access database solution in a multi-user scenario, the application should be "split". This means that the tables are in one file called the back end (typically stored on a shared network folder) and the application components (forms, reports, queries, code, macros, linked tables) are in another file called the front end. The linked tables in the front end point to the back end file. Each user of the Access application would then receive his or her own copy of the front end file.








KEGUNAAN MICROSOFT ACCES

Untuk Apa kita belajar microsoft Access.
Microsoft Access adalah suatu aplikasi yang dapat membantu kita membuat sebuah aplikasi database dalam waktu yang relatif singkat. Biasanya digunakan untuk pembuatan aplikasi-aplikasi yang kecil. Misalnya Program untuk Kasir di koperasi, penjualan untuk toko.

Di Microsoft Access ada bagian-bagian apa.
a. Table digunakan untuk menyimpan data
b. Query digunakan untuk memanipulasi data
c. Form digunakan untuk frontend aplikasi. Biasanya untuk menampilkan data, menambah data dll.
d. Report digunakan untuk membuat laporan
e. Macro digunakan untuk melakukan satu atau beberapa fungsi.
f. Switchboard digun

Table
Apa itu Table?
Table adalah tempat untuk menyimpan data. Contohnya data barang disimpan di table barang
Kenapa kita harus buat table ?
Karena kalau kita tidak buat table kita tidak dapat menyimpan data, Jika tidak ada data yang disimpan data tidak dapat diproses.

Langkah membuat Table
1. Pada jendela database klik Table.
2. klik dua kali create table in design view
3. pada jendela table ketikan field-field table beserta tipe datanya.
4. Pilih File �� Save.
5. tutup table untuk membuat table-table lainnya.
Query

Query adalah 'permintaan data' kita berupa bahasa bisnis, untuk mengolah data dalam tabel(-tabel) menjadi satu informasi yang bisa dimengerti. Seperti mengelompokkan sepuluh penjualan terbesar oleh customer yang dimiliki. Ia bisa berdasarkan pada satu tabel saja, atau pada dua/lebih tabel, ataupun berdasarkan pada query yang telah ada.
Query, Manfaat Query ?
Dengan Query kita dapat :
a. Menampilkan data-data tertentu pada suatu table, contohnya kita hanya ingin melihat data pada table barang yang kode barangnya “B001
b. Menampilkan data dari dua table atau lebih dengan syarat anatr table itu ada field yang berhubungan. Contohnya kita ingin melihat Nomor Faktur “F0001” itu siapa pemiliknya. Di sini kita mengambil data dari table Header Penjualan dan Table Karyawan, Sebagai penghubungnya adalah field NIK.
c. Dapat melakukan operasi perhitungan.

Itulah tiga fungsi utama query.
Query biasanya digunakan sebagai sumber data untuk Report.dan Form.

Form
Form digunakan untuk merepresentasikan ke user atau menerima inputan dari user data-data dalam tabel/query dalam bentuk interface grid, tombol, dan lain-lain kontrol windows. form dalam access bisa dimasukkan ke dalam form lain sebagai control sub form, biasanya jika bekerja dalam transaksi master-detail.
Report
Report, seperti halnya form, digunakan untuk merepresentasikan hasil olahan data menjadi informasi yang siap di cetak di lembaran kertas.
Mengapa kita perlu membuat Report ?.
Jika Atasan Anda meminta laporan penjualan kepada anda, tentunya anda akan segera menyiapkannya anda bisa mencetak table penjualan sebagai laporan tetapi hasil cetakannya tidak seperti laporan yang diinginkan. Cara yang terbaik adalah dengan membuat Laporan Penjualan tersebut dengan menggunakan Report. Dengan Report kapanpun Laporan dibutuhkan maka dengancepat kita dapat menyediakannya.
Bagaiamana Cara Membuat ?
Report dapat dibuat dengan dua cara yaitu maual dan wizards. Pada tutorial terdapat beberapa contoh pembutan report., anda tinggal mengikuti langkah-langkah pembuatannya.
Pembuatan Report
Report Struk Penjualan
digunakan untuk mencetak struk barang-barang yang dibeli karyawan.
1.      Sebelum kita buat reportnya terlebih dulu kita buat sumberdata untuk report ini. Sumber data sebuah report bisa dari table atau dari Query. Untuk keperluan ini kita akan membuat Query Struk, Berikut Design untuk Query Struk, Simpan dengan nama qry_Struk
2.      Pada Jendela Database klik Report. Klik New, muncul jendela Report Wizard
Klik dua kali No_Fak untuk menghasilkan gambar, Klik Finish, akan tampil design report struk
SwitchBoard
Semua Form dan Report telah selesai, sekarang kita buat Menu Utamanya. Pada Access kita dapat membuat menu utama dengan memakai SwitchBoard. Caranya :
- Pada menu bar Pilih Tools �� Database Utilities �� Switchboard Manager
- Akan muncul message box switchboard klik Yes
- Pada Jendela Switchboard Manager klik Edit lalu klik New


fungsi microsoft office access 2007
Fungsi Microsoft Office Access 2007 adalah sebagai berikut :


·                     untuk membuat program aplikasi persediaan barang
·                     untuk membuat program aplikasi gaji pegawai
·                     untuk membuat program aplikasi kehadiran
jadi intinya fungsi microsoft office access 2007 adalah sebagai pembuat program aplikasi sebuah data untuk kebutuhan sehari - hari .

     dengan microsoft access anda dapatmerancang dan mengolah  database yang saling terkait.


Microsoft Access
Microsoft Access 2010
Microsoft Access adalah program aplikasi bisnis yang berguna untuk membuat, mengolah dan mengelola basis data (database). Versi terbaru program ini adalah Microsoft Access 2010, yang dirilis pada tanggal 15 Juni 2010 sebagai bagian dari paket Microsoft Office 2010. Software Microsoft Access dibuat dan dikembangkan oleh Microsoft Corporation.
Perangkat lunak komputer ini memiliki kelebihan pada kesederhanaan dan kemudahannya dalam mengolah basis data. Pengguna dari kalangan awan non programmer pun bisa membuat sendiri basis data, meskipun tidak menguasai teknik-teknik pemrograman database sekalipun. Microsoft Access juga menyediakan beragam template basis data yang siap pakai untuk berbagai kebutuhan penggunanya, misalnya untuk kebutuhan personal, bisnis, maupun pendidikan. Cukup dengan memilih template yang ada, pengguna tinggal menginputkan data yang ingin dikelolanya. Tentu saja basis data instan tersebut secara mudah dapat dimodifikasi lebih lanjut sesuai kebutuhan.

Program Microsoft Access banyak diaplikasikan dan digunakan oleh pengguna komputer di bidang bisnis dan perkantoran. Microsoft Access merupakan software komersial dengan harga lisensi $140 USD (atau $500 USD untuk paket Microsoft Office Professional 2010). Microsoft Access dapat dijalankan di sistem operasi Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista, Windows 7. Untuk menginstall versi terbaru program ini, komputer Windows Anda harus memiliki spesifikasi minimal menggunakan prosesor 500 megahertz MHz, memori (RAM) 256 MB, resolusi monitor 1024x768 piksel, dan harddisk dengan kapasitas kosong minimal 1,5 GB.
Info Software Bisnis Microsoft Access

·                     Jenis: Aplikasi Bisnis
·                     Fungsi dan kegunaan: Software pengolah database
·                     Target kalangan penggguna: karyawan dan pebisnis
·                     Pengembang: Microsoft Corporation
·                     Versi terbaru: Microsoft Access 2010
·                     Tanggal rilis: 15 Juni 2010
·                     Halaman info produk:http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/access/
·                     Download: Unduh Microsoft Access 2010 di sini(Trial)
·                     Ukuran file sumber: 388,16 MB (paket Office)
·                     Harga: Gratis uji coba,
$140 USD
(atau $500 USD untuk paket Microsoft Office Professional 2010)
Kebutuhan Sistem & Persyaratan Instalasi Microsoft Access 2010

·                     Sistem operasi: Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1, Windows 7
·                     Kapasitas Harddisk: Minimal 1,5 GB
·                     Memori / Random Access Memory (RAM): Minimal 256 MB
·                     Resolusi monitor: 1024x768 piksel



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